Second graders continue to develop basic reading skills and
fluency. Students in second grade gradually move from learning to read to reading to learn. Instruction in phonics and phonemic awareness, blending and decoding will occur daily to provide fluency while reading. Students will continue to develop comprehension strategies and skills. Second graders will be able to answer who, what, when, where, and how questions related to a text to demonstrate understanding.
Second graders will strengthen their phonetic foundation.
Students review phonetic spellings, blending and decoding skills. They will be using these skills with longer and more complicated words. Students will practice these skills by reading daily.
Second graders will increase reading vocabulary.
Second graders read authentic literature that revolves around
integrating concepts across the curriculum. Selections include
poetry, fiction and nonfiction stories. Students will learn to use context clues to determine the meaning of unknown words or phrases.
Second graders will learn new words and ideas.
Second graders will be exposed to many new words and extend
their vocabulary through reading. Comprehension strategies and skills will be modeled by the teacher and practiced by the students. Second graders will continue to learn about characters in stories and how they respond to major events and challenges.
Writing goes hand in hand with reading. Learning to write words strengthens what the children are learning about reading words. Second graders continue to refine the manuscript letters and begin to learn to write cursive letters.
Second graders can write sentences correctly.
Second graders know that every sentence must begin with a
capital letter and end with a period, question mark or exclamation mark. They learn to use quotation marks to show when someone is talking. They are starting to learn how to use commas. Second graders correctly spell most one-syllable words. Although second graders still use some invented (phonetic) spelling they are learning to spell more words and are moving toward becoming conventional spellers. They know many ways to spell different vowel sounds.
Second graders learn to add suffixes and prefixes to words.
Second graders learn that they can change a word by adding a
suffix or prefix.
Second graders edit their writing.
After writing a story, second graders will check their work for spelling errors, for periods at the end of sentences; for missed commas and question marks; for capital letters at the beginning of sentences, names, months, days, and places; and for quotation marks around dialogue. They will also add more details after their first draft. Second graders will write informative and narrative pieces.
Second graders study spelling.
New words are studied and reinforced with dictation practice. Second graders are spelling more high frequency words correctly.
Second graders begin cursive writing during second
• Number sense with numbers to 1,000
• Read and write numbers
• Compare and order numbers
• Estimate numbers
• Odd/even numbers
• Add and subtract up to 3-digit numbers
• Thirds, halves and fourths
• Measuring length
• Temperature (F)
• Telling Time
• Symmetry and congruence
• 3-way Venn diagrams
• Growing patterns
• Writing number sentences to match story problems
Skills to Maintain
• Counting by 2s, 5s, and 10s
• Grouping by 10s
• 10 more, 10 less
• Sorting and classifying
• Line plots and tallies